Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Criminal Venezuelan Migrants

As if Venezuelan migrants to Peru didn’t face problems enough, Óscar Pérez, the president of an NGO in that country called Unión Venezolana en Perú, suggests that the “rise in criminality” in Peru is part of a plot by Nicolás Maduro to “discredit migrants.”

According to a local Peruvian news portal, Pérez finds the frequency and violence of crimes by Venezuelan “social predators” in Perú suspicious, and sees a “political motivation” behind it:

“We are concerned by how common this is, there is not a single day in the news without a Venezuelan acting in a criminal way (…), this seems something predesigned with the aim of discrediting the exodus and the migrant population refugee in the country, and thus create a problem for the Peruvian state.”

Pérez also asked Peruvians to realize that the “immense majority of Venezuelans here in Peru are good people.”

In July this year, opposition leader María Corina Machado suggested that the Venezuelan “regime has managed to infiltrate some of these groups of migrants with what they call ‘social movements’, individuals whose objective are to destabilize democracies in our region.”

Thursday, September 12, 2019

9/11


In 2006 Hugo Chávez first doubted the official version of the 9/11 2001 attacks. According to Associated Press, Chávez said:

“The hypothesis is not absurd ... that those towers could have been dynamited,” Chavez said in a speech to supporters. “A building never collapses like that, unless it’s with an implosion.”
“The hypothesis that is gaining strength ... is that it was the same U.S. imperial power that planned and carried out this terrible terrorist attack or act against its own people and against citizens of all over the world,” Chavez said. “Why? To justify the aggressions that immediately were unleashed on Afghanistan, on Iraq.”
Chavez has said the U.S. launched those wars to ensure its political and economic power.

Since then, every anniversary of the attacks government media carries stories suggesting the plausibility of conspiracy theories about the events (See previous years here, and here.)

Yesterday, Agencia Bolivariana de Noticias published this piece by Rosiris Ortega, “11 September: The Twin Towers and the Beginning of a War.”
According to Ortega, the official story of terrorists crashing planes against buildings is “a story bearing more doubts than certainties.”

Her main source for these doubts is the Italian documentary “ZERO INCHIESTA SULL’11 SETTEMBRE”, available in YouTube subtitled in Spanish.

Writes Ortega: “Victims and witnesses assured they had heard various explosions inside the buildings, minutes after the collapse, and [several explosions] before the total collapse, seemingly organized, as has been claimed by several engineering and architecture experts in the documentary EEUU-11 Septiembre. El complot de la CIA contra su Propio Pueblo.” (My assessment of the engineering expert community advancing these theories can be read here.)    

Sunday, September 1, 2019

Colombian Terrorist Conspiracy


Communications, Tourism and Culture Vice-president Jorge Rodríguez said yesterday that the government’s “intelligence apparatus” has revealed a terrorist plot to blow up the Miraflores presidential palace and the headquarters in Cotiza of the FAES (police Special Forces), with C-4 explosives.

“Members of the Popular Power noticed the existence of suspicious looking bags which had been left at the Cotiza headquarters of the FAES and in the area of 23 de Enero [building complex]. They contacted the Explosives Division and realized they [the bags] were filled with C-4 ready to explode,” declared Rodríguez.

The bags were found on August 17, but curiously the Vice-president said the explosives were set to go off sometime “during the next 15 days.”

The terrorist plot, according to Rodríguez, includes Luis Ricardo Gomes Peñaranda –a Colombian national arrested on August 29 and charged with possession of explosives-. Interrogated, Peñaranda said that opposition leader Julio Borges (Residing in Colombia and recently appointed as Foreign Minister by National Assembly appointed president of Venezuela, Juan Guidó) is the mastermind of the plot. Cliver Alcalá Crodones (“alias César, chief of Colombian terrorist unit,” according to AVN,) and Rayder Ruso (alias Pico”, implicated in the attempt against Maduro of August 4, 2018,) and two ex-police officers, are also part of the plot.

Peñaranda also revealed the “exact coordinates” in Colombia of three paramilitary camps where terrorist are being trained “to assassinate Venezuelans and generate chaos [zozobra].”

“Colombia is required to act against these paramilitaries (…): more than 200 armed men are being trained in Colombian territory,” concluded Rodríguez his press conference.

Later during the day, Executive Vice-president Delcy Rodríguez later declared that “Venezuela will present the United Nations with overwhelming evidence of the protection and shelter by Iván Duque of terrorist groups, trained and armed in Colombia to, with his [Duque’s] consent, attack our constitutional order, in violation of Resolution 1,373 of the Security Council.”

Defense Minister, Vladimir Padrino López, also weighted in: “I reiterate that Iván Duque and Guillermo Botero [Defense Minister of Colombia], apart from their cynical politicking, suffer from astounding blindness: they refuse to see the conspiracy permanently plotting in Colombia, under their sponsorship and concealment, against the fatherland of the Liberators.”

The accusations against Colombia come in the wake of the announcement by a dissident faction of the Colombian FARC to again take up arms. Maduro had previously announced that Iván Márquez and Jesús Santrich, leaders of this FARC faction, would be welcomed in Venezuela. Foreign Minister of Colombia, Carlos Holmes Trujillo, said his government believes the two leaders are in Venezuelan territory and has asked for them to be handed to Colombian authorities.

Saturday, August 17, 2019

¿Delirante?


Los últimos veinte años venezolanos han despertado la creatividad sicótica de personajes muy interesantes de lado y lado. De la oposición ya he comentado el curiosísimo caso de Ángel García Banchs

Este post es un pequeño homenaje a Alejandro Álvarez Osuna, el más interesante de todos los colaboradores actuales de aporrea.org.

Álvarez Osuna ha sido citado antes en este blog por sus teorías de la conspiración, pero últimamente sus ensayos son más creativos y su prosa más poética e intrigante. Lamentablemente también le ha dado por escribir ensayos cada vez más y más extensos.

Copipeisteo aquí los párrafos iniciales de dos sus más recientes ensayos. Vale la pena imprimirlos y leerlos completos (si hay suficiente tinta en la impresora):

Efecto sombra: Venezuela
Alejandro Álvarez Osuna - www.aporrea.org
15/08/19 - www.aporrea.org/actualidad/a281443.html
Ideología, "logia" de la guerra para la "libertad nacional,", eje tercermundista del colonial subdesarrollo, Venezuela, liberalismo colonial, esclavista mental, batalla moral también espiritual: comunista, religión "ideológica" implantada secta proyectada vía satélite, cafecito ilusión mental holográfica subliminal, granja minería galáctica conquista del cosmos colonialista ruso, chino, norteamericano, turco, iraní, cubano, norcoreano… unión europea, todos por su tajada botín pirata colonial filosofía ética política dialéctica sin superar, "socialismo en transición", por el dominio de un solo clan, secta terrorismo teología política, poder comunal, dialéctica ignorante del espionaje infiltrado… sacrificable pueblo, análisis sintético de la proyección sin infierno ni paraíso, la consciencia está ahora libre así sin castigo en el purgatorio, diagnostico planificado, estratégico mental situacional, globalizada selectiva vía raza aliens dictadura atómica "celestial", ¿fin de la historia con sus ideologías Fukuyama? las religiones de la mentira al planeta, madurismo vs marxismo causa de crisis eclética, estoica, escéptica mundial, la "verdad" cultura tradicional gran estafa internacional, magnetismo inducido, proyecto antropología, rayo láser inducido onda en vibraciones, visión remota holografía proyectada en los cielos, efecto sombra, desorden psíquico santo político popular social, el caos es el orden natural causal del desequilibrio psicológico paranormal, en consecuencia, la materia no solo se transforma sino que también se destruye.
… un solo clan, creído y no sabido mejor ambidiestro régimen "democrático" esclavista "moral" nacional-internacional, "izquierdas" y "derechas" unidas al régimen abierto democracia del hambre patria para todos violados ddhh,, democracia extractiva fuerzas especialistas mira infrarroja roja rojita Ramírez crítico inocente del hambre, visión nocturna, eje transicional justicia de clases, agente nuevo orden cibernético mundial, donde el "político" ambidiestro siempre es inocente y el pueblo es culpable. Justicia de clase. Filosofía del derecho de la praxis "socialista"
Maduro-Guaidó o viceversa c.a. esclavos ocupados convexos y cóncavos "morales" con el cerebro intervenido, implantado chips liquido letal, imágenes mentales proyecciones psíquicas, iniciación esquizofrénica echándole la culpa a otros, esperando siempre por los demás, control remoto espiritual neuronal, programadas, suprimidas consciencias sin conciencias del subconsciente dirigidas al hecho cleptómano, ansias de poder político, dictadura del sentimiento muerto, tele-transportación atómica ionizada, carga negativa valencia sin peso molecular ética ni libertad para deliberar, misión hambre producto del chantaje "político aparato represivo, policía política estado deudor ladrón, fuerzas "liberadoras nacionales", voluntades suprimidas para el bienestar hegemónico, supremacía masónica jesuita izquierdista o derechista infiltradas por los intereses oscuros de facciones del mal, poder global "soberano" estado profundo encubierto, "independencia" cuántica política, globalización digitalizada religión magnicida satelital; coordenadas a orden en ley para el progreso seguridad nacional.
¿Ideología de la guerra?: Trump, Putin, Jinping, Maduro y Guaidó y sus satélites espías dejen de suprimir "colateralmente" al pueblo en nombre de la "democracia moral" que solo ustedes practican; irracionalismo de la destrucción, padre nuestro de sus corrupciones radioactivas interestelares clanes-personales-dictaduras cupulares 


Nomenklatura política extraterrestre, esqueletos al borde de la guerra: Venezuela
Alejandro Álvarez Osuna - www.aporrea.org
14/08/19 - www.aporrea.org/actualidad/a281405.html
Go down, shock down: Venezuela
Algoritmo mutante encriptado: guerra espiritual infernal, burocracia ideológica, "religión política" silente, generalizada colonia infinita ocupación nacional territorial, transición sintonizada, frecuencia delta "X" forcé tortura china del hambre, funciones básicas orgánicas suspendidas: Venezuela potencia de potencias, nueva invasión factorizada logaritmo neperiano de la justicia de clase, izada falsa bandera roja, verdadero negativo, estado de sitio trasnacional, digital "ideal" ciber acoso, intervención hecha corrupción moral, deuda pública que paga solo el pueblo con sus vidas. Vital nomenklatura china, turca, cubana, estadounidense, europea, rusa, iraní, coreana, argentina, brasilera, colombiana… seres gordos de la política extraterrestre.
Esqueletos a bordo para la guerra silente.
Invasión laser control franco tirador quirúrgico como infinita justicia transicional, transición general, ocupación mental territorial preparada espiritualidad, neutralizando poderes, ddhh vitales estructurales nacionales sin la seguridad basada en la programación algorítmica, lógica matemática, alta tensión corrupta moral, filosofía del derecho sin dialéctica constructiva, proliferan virus en la fuente de poder, software libre, justicia política a control programado hardware, trasmisión espía el método al socialismo humanista comunal, operación libertad, remota comisión testaferro depósito bancario, prohibición de enajenar activos y no embargo, bloqueo económico y mentira de guerras, contra la accesoria del Armagedón. La corruptela para el fraude ideológico economicista estafa de "gobierno" fue primero que las enajenaciones activistas hechas sanciones. Solo entretenidos nacionales en la pura marcha, confrontando mentiras profundas, estafas nacionales e internacionales preparando el saqueo, top secret…involución psíquica, política ética, envenenamiento opositor ruso inconstitucional…
Error de sistema, accedo negado vía satélite o corriendo el video, volando todo el lugar… se transmite fractal caos, no llegan cajas clap, "compatriotas es tiempo de instaurar miedo en el corazón de todos para lograr abrir paso al fuerte progreso…" héroes patrios compañía rompan filas, anomia nacional: internet, transporte, comunicaciones, energía, alimentos, medicinas, niños comiendo basura en la calle pero con morrales patrios, bonos libertad en conectividad, recursos vitales.
Control mental popular. Algoritmo del caos mutando, encriptado, caída de sistema de sistemas de especulación de divisas, reestructuración de la deuda esclavista que paga el pueblo con hambre que enferma para la guarra a muerte,, incautación del sector financiero, Trump matando con cianuro a los pobres perros, inmigración para la liberación protesta mundial, soberanía sin rastro digital, enfermedad esquizofrenia mental confundiendo el mercado de valores, sin divisa ni comida que cambiar que amotina la mentira, ricos ladrones súbitos "desgobiernos" asistiendo al pánico consecuencia de la nacional internacional híbrida lucha de clanes entre "democracias" clanes oposición y oficial, complejo de corporaciones X, marcianas y marxistas marxologas empresa de software con su hardware ideológica profunda "ideología" esclava por la falla electrónica colonialista subdesarrollo, comunismo liberal, esclavista socialista, humanista capitalista de estado sub-desarrollista auto-impuesto : Venezuela
Política de zoombies, la carta de la luna con el papa invertido: ningún "personalismo político" al ser expulsado de sus cúpulas debe hablar mal resentido a destiempo, cuando no lo hizo en su debido momento, habiendo admitido fraudes para saqueos con estafas anticonstitucionales ¿moral política ejemplar?: Venezuela
Los ladrones "políticos" plurales y sus agentes de la carta estrella, con el mago en la manga de multinacionales y nacionales, con sus relacionados, clanes deberían devolver todo lo robado si quieren verdadera justicia social ejemplar para la paz al pueblo, mostrando ética democrática al mundo político nacional e internacional: de la impunidad e inmunidad de los crímenes políticos, sociales, económicos, educativos saqueos patrimoniales como fraudes para estafas inconstitucionales.
Arcanos mayores evitando la guerra confundiendo al pueblo, estafando y no "héroes" muriendo por ellos…. La solución es la independencia espiritual, ideología algoritmo ético democrático responsable para revolución tecnológica industrial, producir lo que consumimos…

Thursday, August 15, 2019

Magnicidio: 32 mercenaries

“I have learned about a plan led by Álvaro Uribe Vélez, with the participation of the United States ambassador in Colombia, Francisco Santos, who have been discussing with Lester Toledo, a fugitive of Venezuelan justice, to get into Venezuela 32 mercenaries to assassinate me,” said Nicolás Maduro yesterday. The three plotters, he added, “have discussed [the plan] in a bunker in Álvaro Uribe Vélez’ home.”

Lester Toledo is a leader of the opposition party Voluntad Popular who fled to exile in 2016 accused of “acts of terrorism.”

Maduro also said that his assassination is being planned because his enemies “are terrified of the Chavista Bolivarian revolution.” This is also why, “from Colombia, violent acts are being prepared.” Fortunately, according to Maduro, he is shielded “by God and by the strength of the Venezuelan State, [who] will defeat all these violent plans, all these mercenary plans.”

According to Efecto Cocuyo, Maduro has unveiled “close to 30 plots” to kill him since 2013.

Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Counterpunch: Hybrid Conspiracy Theories


This excellent article by María Páez Victor, neatly packs into one most of the sometimes disperse conspiracy theories the Venezuelan government has been deploying in recent years.

Páez Victor breaks what she calls “the cacophony of misinformation about Venezuela,” by mostly repeating the cacophonic themes of the government’s media apparatus (Unfortunately, the links to the many endnotes in her article do not seem to be working.)

As Greg Weeks noted (@GregWeeks), not many writers claim today that Maduro’s is the “legitimate, democratically elected Venezuelan government that represents the hitherto marginalized, impoverished, traditionally abandoned popular classes,” as Páez Victor bravely states in her opening lines.

Hybrid War is the all-encompassing name Páez Victor uses for the “second generation” warfare the Venezuelan government claims its enemies are waging. Explains the author: “Hybrid warfare, or war of the second generation, is ‘a military strategy, which employs political warfare and blends conventional warfare, irregular warfare and cyber-warfare with other influencing methods, such as fake news, diplomacy, lawfare and foreign electoral intervention’.” (quoting an unknown source as the endnotes are broken.)

Páez unfortunately only glosses one of chavista’s favorite conspiracy themes “The untimely and mysterious death of Hugo Chávez.” She does, however, pay special attention to the “Cyberattack on the electricity system” as an explanation for the most recent electricity blackouts. Despite the immense disruption the blackouts have produced, Páez finds “however remarkable beyond any expectation that no riots, no social unrest occurred: the people were calm, knowing they were under attack and that this was not the inefficiency of their government.”

Follows a long reconstruction of Venezuelan history as a class-racial-antiimperialist struggle, leading up to Hugo Chávez hierophany and the creation of a new popular state, now at war with a “fascist force backed by the USA.”

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Misión Verdad: Self-reference and Plausibility as Truth Claims in Conspiracy Theories


Here is an example of classic conspiracy theory argument building: make reference to the previous time you have claimed the existence of a conspiracy as evidence of the truth of your claim, and insist on the plausibility of the conspiracy event, as it can happen elsewhere or has happened before.

Pro-government webpage Misión Verdad claims via Twitter that the latest blackout to hit Venezuela was caused by an electric-magnetic attack. As the government has claimed many times before.

Misión Verdad adds as a notable coincidence that the “new attack against the electro-magnetic pulse of the National Electric System,” happened only three days after an incident with a United States plane of the coast of Venezuela.

Also cited as evidence by Misión Verdad, a report published in the New York Times claiming that the United States is escalating “online attacks on Russia’s Power Grid.” That such attacks are a possibility has been taken as evidence by Venezuelan government media that they were actually carried out against the country’s power grid. Telesur, commenting the NYT article, says: “It seems that Venezuela was a testing ground for the Trump administration in deploying more aggressive tools to interfere with the infrastructure of non-aligned countries. The current reports make the allegations of the Venezuelan authorities a lot more plausible.

En Venezuela no se tenía noticia de ciberataque alguno, al menos no de la magnitud registrada el 7 de marzo de 2019 a la Central Hidroeléctrica de Guri, ejecutado contra el cerebro computarizado de Corpoelec. A ese ataque le siguieron otros atentados vía electromagnética.

Pero ¿cómo se ejecuta un ataque de este tipo? El siguiente material gráfico es bastante explicativo, y aunque incluye información sobre el primer apagón, nos sirve de referencia ante el escenario de hoy, similar sin duda alguna.



#DatoMV: El nuevo ataque de Pulso Electromagnético al Sistema Eléctrico Nacional se produce apenas tres días después de que un avión espía de la Marina de Estados Unidos modelo EP-3E fuera expulsado de territorio venezolano por haber violado la soberanía de la nación.

Luego de que el Gobierno Nacional denunciara el primer ataque en marzo de este año -y estás denuncias fueran minimizadas y hasta ridiculizadas-, diversos estudiosos del tema y voceros confirmaron la posibilidad de que se ejecuten ataques de este tipo.

“Ahora la estrategia de EEUU en la nueva guerra fría digital, es colocar software malicioso potencialmente incapacitante dentro del sistema eléctrico ruso”, informaba el New York Times. Trabajo citado en nuestro portal en el contexto del primer apagon.



Las dudas acerca de qué originó el primer #apagon, se fueron dilucidando por sí solas, y por declaraciones como estas:
MV English @MV_Eng
27 abr.
ATTENTION | Former U.S. Ambassador to Venezuela, William Brownfield: the military option doesn't necessarily have to be 20,000 Marines arriving on the coasts of Venezuela. A military strike can also be a cyber attack. "The Department of Defense now has a Cyber Command."

Venezuela superó las duras condiciones que produjo el primer ataque al Sistema Eléctrico con el esfuerzo de la gente y de los trabajadores de Corpoelec. Hoy no será diferente. Queda mantener la calma y revisar los trabajos que publicamos sobre este suceso.

New Electro-Magnetic Attack


Vice-president of Communication, Tourism, and Culture, Jorge Rodríguez, has declared that yesterday’s nation-wide blackout, the third since March, was caused by an electro-magnetic attack.

“The first indications form our investigations in Bajo Caroní, point to the existence of an attack of an electro-magnetic character, which was aimed at the hydroelectric generation system of Guayana, the main provided of [electric] service in the country,” said Rodríguez.

Fortunately, according to Rodríguez, the Electric High Command (Estado Mayor Eléctrico) has “activated the mechanism to deal with this contingency.”

“Those who have attacked in different ways the Venezuelan people, will again witness the steel (temple) and the courage we, the daughters and sons of our Liberator Simón Bolívar, have shown,” ended Rodríguez his report.

Via Twitter, Nicolás Maduro said: “Faced with the criminal attack against the tranquility and peace of the Fatherland, the Bolivarian Government and the Armed Forces are deployed, attending the needs of the people. The sons and daughters of Bolívar will once again show our unbreakable will. We shall overcome! (¡Venceremos!).”


Sunday, July 21, 2019

María Corina Machado: Chavismo infiltrating migrants


Opposition leader Maria Corina Machado warns in a recent video published via her party’s Twitter account (@VenteVenezuela) that the opposition must not “fall in the trap created by the Maduro regime of the so-called dialogue and farce elections.”

Machado, herself the target of accusation by the Venezuelan government of being the mastermind of a plot to assassinate Maduro, seems to however subscribe the government’s conspiratorial discourse about an “unconventional conflict.” But she claims this war has been unleashed by the government against the rest of the word. “The Venezuelan criminal State has unleashed an unconventional conflict in coalition with terrorist groups such as the ELN, the FARC, Hezbollah, Hamas, drug cartels, and the Cuban tyranny, and they will not let go of the Venezuelan territory, resources, and institutions, unless they are confronted with a stronger liberating force of those democratic actors in the region that understand what’s at stake,” says Machado.

Machado also speaks of the catastrophic consequences if Maduro were to remain in power. The main issue, according to her, is the problem created for the region by the exodus of millions of Venezuelans. Some of the consequences of this exodus, she claims, are obvious, but some are not: “...because the regime has managed to infiltrate some of these groups of migrants with what they call ‘social movements’, individuals whose objectives are to destabilize these democracies in our region.”

Venezuela expert David Smilde commented on Twitter (@dsmilde): “Brilliant. In a two-minute video aimed at international audiences, MCM manages to feed stereotypes of the Venezuelan opposition as crazy and intolerant, AND raise suspicions that Venezuelan migrants are dangerous.

Indeed, on behalf of the millions of Venezuelan migrants around the world: thank you Maria Corina!     

Saturday, July 13, 2019

Guaidó is Funded by Chavismo




(Image downloaded from @jcajias and retweeted by @garciabanchs)

Part of the opposition is convinced that its own leadership is being sponsored by the Maduro regime and is betraying a clear and clean break with chavismo. The theory is linked to a warranted skepticism in Venezuela’s electoral system and with the belief that only a foreign military intervention will trigger a transition from authoritarian rule. Any sign by the opposition leadership of willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition, basically through elections, is considered by this faction of the opposition as a sellout to the regime. Indeed, to simply engage in dialogue with the government is tantamount to collaboration with a criminal narco-regime.

A good example of this conspiracy theorizing is Ángel García Banchs (@garciabanchs), a popular Twitter influencer with 336.1 K followers. García Banchs is convinced that Juan Guaidó, interim president named by the National Assembly, has been unwilling to unequivocally call for a foreign military intervention against the Venezuelan government because he is funded by bolichicos and boliburgueses (corrupt pro-government businessmen and government officials.)

Here is my translation of some recent posts by García Banchs:

“Foreign military intervention will happen even despite @jguaido and all the collaborators with the narco-regime, funded by the bolichicos and boliburgueses who looted PDVSA, CORPOELEC and the Venezuelan nation.”

García Banchs, however, is concerned that some people in the United States may be lobbying against a military intervention in Venezuela. They are doing this because they are financed by the Maduro government:

“How is it that these people are falling from the sky [paracaidistas] and giving talks in Washington? Money from the narco-regime or the bolichicos.”

“If there is funding by the bolichicos and the boliburgueses, the National Assembly and @jguaido are part of the regime. They will never become separated [from the regime].”

“Bolichicos and boligurgueses pay for the very expensive trips and lobbies of those talking about a PSUV-MUD transition. Unfortunately serious Venezuelan industrialists are not funding radicals in Washington [lobbies] to talk about the foreign military rupture/intervention”

“VENEZUELA is in the hands of a lobby struggle. Lobbies payed by bolichicos and boliburgueses to convinced Washington to wait for free presidential elections or for a coup by Padrino [Lopez], which will never happen. In the end, everything leads to a foreign military intervention.”

García Banchs seems aware that a military intervention would be far from a clean affaire and would entail sacrifice and suffering. Today he wrote:

“I won’t lie: the foreign military intervention, of course, will be a war. Those who speak of a surgical intervention are most likely referring to XIX Century surgery, not to XXI Century laparoscopy surgery. It’s either war with freedom or peace with submission under Maduro”

In fact, in the following audio, García Banchs argues that an “inevitable” foreign military intervention will lead to a purifying civil war which will purge Venezuela of chavistas and narcos, but also of populism and socialism. The war will end with a victory of “those in favor freedom, by which I mean liberals,” and will ensue in “the first economic miracle of the Twenty First Century.”

      

Monday, July 1, 2019

¿Para qué sirve creer en teorías de la conspiración? Algunos comentarios a propósito del artículo de John Carey

Carey, John Michael. 2019. Who Believes in Conspiracy Theories in Venezuela? Latin American Research Review 54(2), pp. 444–457. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25222/larr.88

John Carey de Dartmouth College ha publicado recientemente un excelente artículo en el que se basa en datos de encuestas para discutir algunos de los puntos que he planteado en este blog en los últimos años. Específicamente, Carey estudia tres discursos teórico-conspirativos venezolanos. Dos “pro-chavista”: la Guerra Económica y el “asesinato” de Chávez (que en Venezuela se suele llamar “magnicidio”); y una “pro-oposición”, la “Conspiración (plot) del PSUV” (la teoría según la cual parte del liderazgo del partido de gobierno está conspirando para sacar a Maduro del poder y a sí conservar algunos espacios de poder).

El análisis de datos de encuestas lleva a Carey a concluir que en Venezuela “del 54% de los encuestados que se muestran de acuerdo con cualquiera de las tres afirmaciones conspirativas, 39% expresan apoyo a las narrativas pro-chavistas, pero no a la narrativa pro-oposición y viceversa. El análisis multivariado confirma que la identificación política es el predictor único más fuerte del apoyo a cualquier teoría de la conspiración dada. Los venezolanos tienden a apoyar [teorías de la] conspiración que vilipendian a sus adversarios políticos” (p. 10).

Carey menciona además una serie de correlaciones interesantes, entre otras: Hay una relación significativa entre la visión de mundo maniqueísta y la creencia en teorías de la conspiración (en este blog y en otros trabajos he vinculado las creencias teórico-conspirativas con las ideas sobre el bien y el mal). La edad de los encuestados también presenta una correlación interesante (los mayores tienden a creer más: Carey sugiere que a mayor edad, más memoria de la escabrosa historia de intervenciones norteamericanas en América Latina) y, muy importante, el nivel educativo de los encuestados (a mayor educación, menos creencia).

Agradezco las referencias que hace Carey a mi trabajo y aprovecho para hacer unos breves comentarios: 

Lo que siempre me ha interesado resaltar en este blog es narrar cómo el discurso teórico conspirativo se convierte en retórica oficial del estado y que consecuencias políticas tiene este fenómeno (malas, por lo general, como ya señalara Hannah Arendt). Por lo tanto, aunque a veces he hecho algunas referencias a ellas, en este blog he hecho pocas menciones a las teorías de la conspiración de la oposición Venezolana. Esto ha sido acertadamente criticado por muchos como un sesgo de este blog.

Sin embargo, hay en efecto una retórica teórico-conspirativa de la oposición que ha tenido y está teniendo importantes consecuencias políticas en Venezuela, que he trabajado poco hasta ahora, pero espero hacerlo pronto. Ese discurso de una parte de la oposición se refiere al tema clave del voto. La retórica abstencionista opositora está basada en una teoría de la conspiración que afirma que no importa la participación, el gobierno ha robado y robará elecciones. La consecuencia de este discurso ha sido una notable desmovilización de la oposición.

Téngase en cuenta que en este blog he insistido en que las teorías de la conspiración pueden ser verdad o no, eso no es lo que las hace teorías de la conspiración: lo que las hace tales es la creencia en que un grupo particular conspira para lograr sus metas (y esto es verdad que sucede todo el tiempo en todo el mundo). Puede ser muy importante desmontar ciertas teorías de la conspiración y demostrar que sus afirmaciones no se ajustan a la verdad, pero eso es trabajo para los filósofos. Mi interés por estas formas de discursos sigue una perspectiva sociológica pragmatista: ¿qué diferencia hace que una teoría de la conspiración sea verdad o no? ¿Qué consecuencias tiene creer en ella? ¿Sirve para algo creer en ellas? La sospecha de que el voto no es respetado en Venezuela puede tener un fundamento verdadero (lo tiene, todo el sistema es sesgado y es necesaria una reforma profunda para recuperar la confianza en el voto), pero lo importante es la consecuencia del discurso: la desmovilización de la oposición al punto en que quizás se pueda demostrar que el chavismo ha ganado elecciones en el pasado sin necesidad de conspirar para hacer fraude electoral.

En otros trabajos he hecho referencia a que una de las consecuencias más relevantes del uso político de las teorías de la conspiración es la desmovilización política de las personas. Las teorías de la conspiración ponen el lugar del poder en una agencia que está más allá del control de las personas: mientras más poderosas y todo explicativas las teorías de la conspiración, más poderoso el agente conspirativo y menos poderosa la víctima. Es más, un aspecto clave de las narrativas teórico-conspirativas relacionadas con el populismo es que el líder es insistentemente presentado como el único capaz de enfrentar el enorme poder del enemigo y por lo tanto “el pueblo” debe otorgarle poder supremo, confiar en él y ser leal a él al extremo.

Las teorías de la conspiración aupadas desde el gobierno en Venezuela han sido muy consistentes en este aspecto, basadas en la idea de la existencia de un poderoso enemigo externo del cual solo la revolución y su líder puede defender al pueblo (Véase la notable utilización de esta retórica en los planes de alimentación gubernamentales, los cuales tienen como propósito “defender al pueblo de la guerra económica”). Parte de la oposición venezolana también sufre las consecuencias políticas de creer en teorías de la conspiración: No se puede negociar con criminales, siempre robarán las elecciones, dictadura no sale no votos, los líderes opositores que negocian son en realidad agentes del gobierno. Ante el así definido enorme poder criminal del gobierno, solo es posible, dice este discurso, la apelación a un poder superior que nos rescate: una fuerza internacional que invada a Venezuela y saque al chavismo del poder. 

Friday, June 28, 2019

Coup and Massacre (Updated June 30: torture and death)

Communication Minister Jorge Rodríguez announced yesterday that the government has “more than 59 hours” of videos and taped conversations between plotters of a coup attempt that would have included the assassination of more than 60 government leaders. President Nicolás Maduro, the government sponsored Constituent Assembly president Diosdado Cabello, and the president of the Supreme Justice Tribunal (TSJ), Maikel Moreno, were mentioned as targets. The coup was planned to take place on June 23 and 24, but was dismantled by the government. Excerpts from the videos were shown by Rodríguez.

Retired General Ramón Antonio Lozada and active General Miguel Sisco Mora, were mentioned by Rodríguez as taking parts in the recorded conversations in which they plotted to, according to the Minister, “assassinate Nicolás Maduro, to permanently follow him, his wife, his children; to assassinate the president of the Constituent Assembly, Diosdado Cabello, the president of the TSJ, Maikel Moreno.”

Rodriguez was quick to link the military conspirator to the opposition leadership and its foreign backers: “These are no hypothesis, no speculations, this is evidence and testimonies obtained after months of intelligence gathering and they involve Juan Guaidó and Ivan Duque in these violent events.”

In a twist to the plot, Rodríguez also claimed that the conspirators would not have named Guaido as president after the coup, but instead would have freed General Raúl Baduel from his house arrest and named him as president, “an unequivocal sign that they hate each other,” said Rodríguez of the opposition leadership. Other parts of the plot included stealing military tanks from the La Carlota Air Force base in Caracas, stealing “146 assault rifles” form the vaults of the Venezuelan Central Bank (?), and placing snipers in buildings in downtown Caracas to shoot the people who would come out in support of the government during the coup. Diosdado Cabello has insisted that “Israeli agents” were to be involved in these last parts of the plan.

The Communication Minister said the government would be revealing the full evidence of the plot in the next few days, but also asked “the people” to be on the alert and come to the authorities if they knew anything about this plot.

On June 21, SEBIN agents arrested two retired generals and two active air force and navy officers, including General Miguel Sisco Mora. Rodríguez has announced that there will more arrests in the next days.


(Update June 30, 2019)

One of the active officers, navy captain Rafael Acosta Arévalo, detained in relation to the plot, died yesterday under custody of the military counterintelligence police (DGCIM). Relatives who saw him yesterday say he had been severely beaten, could barely talk, and was only able to ask his lawyer for help. Following complains by the lawyer a judge ordered that Acosta Arévalo be taken to a military hospital where he died at 1:00am.

In short statement the Venezuelan government says:

The Bolivarian Government informs the Venezuelan people that, faced with the continuous and sneaky [artera] intention of the enemies of the Constitution and peace, of perpetrating coup d’état attempts, terrorist acts, massacres against the civilian population, arms robbery, and the assassination of the President of the Republic, as well as his near relatives and [other] leaders of the Bolivarian Revolution, State security agencies began months ago the investigation which lead to the dismantling of these criminal plans and the arrest of these self-confessed terrorists. All the investigation was done with absolute respect to due process and to human rights, as is the indispensable condition under our Constitutional State of Justice and Law.

Considering the events which resulted in the death of the citizen Rafael Acosta Arévalo, accused of serious terrorist acts, sedition, and frustrated attempt to assassinate the head of State [magnicidio], [events which took place] during the presentation [of Acosta Arévalo] to the court, the Head of State, President Nicolás Maduro, has asked the Attorney General, Tarek William Saab, for a full and comprehensive investigation to clear [the circumstance of] this regrettable event.

We hope that the prompt actions of the prosecution authorities [Ministerio Público] will provide an answer to the request made by the Constitutional President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro Moros, so that peace and the development of justice may be preserved.


Sunday, March 31, 2019

Synchronized Attacks by Sad and Slavish Local Lackeys

Last night the fourth national power outage in a week was explained by Jorge Rodríguez, Minister of Information and Communication, as the result of two “programed and synchronized” attacks against the National Electrical System.

“The Bolivarian Government addresses the people of Venezuela and the world, to denounce the vile and brutal perpetration of two programed and synchronized attacks against the National Electric System with the aim of obstructing, in a criminal and homicidal way, the enormous efforts the Revolutionary Government is doing to stabilize the electric service”, declared Rodríguez.

These new attacks, claims Rodríguez, come in addition to “electromagnetic pulse attacks and mechanical actions,” an arson attack, and a sniper attack with “high caliber bullets,” which according to the Minister have crippled Venezuela’s electric system since March 7.

Rodríguez assured, however, that the government will “give back to the people” its right to accesses to electricity: “We will repair and recover the equipment savagely damaged by agents of the northern supremacist Empire and its sad and slavish [genuflexos] local lackeys.”  

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

New Blackout, New Sabotage (updated with yet another sabotage!)


A new national blackout yesterday at 1:20 pm left most of the country without electricity for several hours.

Midafternoon, Communications and Information Minister, Jorge Rodríguez claimed that the hydroelectric Guri dam had been attacked again, “the [electric] generation of the hydroelectric central Simón Bolívar at Guri was directly attacked,” he said.

However, also said Minister Rodríguez, different from the “attack” of March 7, this time the government was able to quickly recover: “It took us 5 or 6 days to recuperate the electric system from the first attack carried out by the right, today we have recovered within hours. (…) We had the capacity to rapidly respond and [electricity] has been restored completely.”

The power, in fact, was restored progressively in some regions during the afternoon, only to collapse again from 9:45 pm on.


(Update)

This morning, hours after the power went out again last night at 9:45, Minister Jorge Rodríguez claimed that the electric system had suffered a second attack. Yesterday the National Electric System, he said, “suffered two devious terrorist attacks by the hands of the violent [people] who have made the sowing of distress among the population their instrument to attain their destabilizing objectives.”

The first event (the blackout at 1:29 pm,) explained Rodríguez, had similar characteristics to the blackout of March 7, implying that again this time a cyberattack or a magnetic attack has been carried out. This time, however, the government had everything under control and in a few hours, according to Rodríguez, the distribution system was behaving in a “harmonious and robust” manner.

But at 9:47pm a more conventional sabotage was carried out to produce the second blackout: “criminal hands,” explained Rodríguez, “started a huge fire in the transition patio of Guri.”

The minister did not explain how the “criminal hands” were able to start a huge fire inside a secure installation, but he did describe the enemy in detail:

“An event of this nature has never before happened in the history of the Venezuelan Electric System, and it is evidence of the lack of limits of these terrorists, helped by the warmongering leadership that conform the military, financial, and media fabric of the supremacists in power today in the United States of America, and who aspire to rule the world.”

Rodríguez ended his declarations predicting victory: “We will defeat this electric war with the immense strength that, as a people, we have accumulated in our struggle against vulgar empires and their local lackeys.”